Gravitational Energy Explained for children ESchooltoday Home, All Lessons
 

Table of content
What is energy. Explain Energy
What is Kinetic Energymechanical energy and kinetic energy
What is sound energy?
What is Thermal or Heat Energy?
What is Chemical Energy?
What is Electrical Energy?
What is Gravitational Energy?Explain elastic energy to kidsRadiant energy from electromagnetic waves
What is Energy Stored Transferred and Dissipation
Short quiz on energy


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kinds of energy

Gravitational Energy, Potential Energy

It is important to know the two main types of potential energy: gravitational potential energy and elastic potential energy

Every object may have Potential energy but Gravitational Potential energy is only stored in the height of the object. Any time that a heavy object is kept high up, a force or power is likely to be holding it up there. This is the reason why it stays up and does not fall. It is important to note that the heavier the object, the more its potential energy.

Let's see the diagram below:

Consider Mr Green throwing a bag of gold coins to Mr Red, who is up a tower. As Mr Green throws the bag from A to B, potential energy is transferred from Mr Green into the bag, which now has kinetic energy.

As the bag moves upwards, kinetic energy decreases, and gravitational energy increases. At the highest point (B) Kinetic energy is zero, and Gravitational potential energy is highest.

As the bag did not get to Mr Red, it starts falling from point B downwards due to gravity. It starts falling slowly (kinetic energy is low) and then speeds up downwards.

At point A, the bag is at full speed and kinetic energy is highest, whiles gravitational energy is nearly lost.

When the bag of gold coins hits the ground, kinetic energy is converted into heat and sound by the impact.

Gravitational & Potential Energy Diagram

It is worth noting that the higher the gravitational energy of an object moving downwards, the lower the kinetic energy, and the lower the kinetic energy of an object moving upwards, the higher its gravitational energy.

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