Types of landforms
There are hundreds of landform types scattered all over the planet earth.
Some of them are more common and spectacular than others. Some also have very similar features and it can be difficult telling which feature is what. Landforms are constantly being re-shaped and sometimes not easy to tell what exactly one is.
We have selected a few basic landforms to discuss them in more detail.
Canyon: A deep, narrow valley with very steep walls carved out by water erosion. Learn More
Cape: A piece of land (headland) extending from the coastline and into the sea. Learn More
Coastline: This is all the lands that line the seas and oceans. They form the boundary between land and seas. The coastline includes the continental shelf. Learn More
Continental Shelf: This is the lands along the beaches with shallow waters over them. They can extend far into the sea up to where the continental slope
begins. Learn More
Delta: A delta is a feature formed when rivers drop off sediments in low-lying areas, usually as they enter the ocean, sea or an estuary.
Desert: This is a dry region with very little of no rainfall. They also have very little or no vegetation at all. They have extreme night and day temperatures because of the absence of vegetative cover. Learn More
Glacier: This is ice in motion usually along a slope. The ice may break off and slide downhill under its own weight or slide downhill as its underlying rock warms up and begins to melt. Learn More
Island: A piece of land surrounded by water. An island is usually in the sea, but if it is in an inland water body, it is called an eyot. Learn More
Isthmus: This is a strip of land connecting two larger land areas. This strip separates two water bodies. Learn More
Mountain: A massive, rocky highland with pointed or rounded top extending hundreds of feet above its surrounding lands. A hill is not a mountain, as it is relatively smaller and has gentle slopes and rounded tops. Learn More
Plains: These are very large areas or relatively flat lands. A plain with a river that often floods its banks is called a floodplain. Learn More
Plateau: A large highland with flat top rising above its surrounding with steep slopes on at least one side. A plateau can be weathered and eroded down into a mesa and even further into a butte. Learn More
Sand dune: A sand dune is a mound of sand usually formed in windy areas with very little or no vegetation and with lots of sand. They are created from drifting sand grains. Learn More
Valley: A valley is a low-lying landmass (a depression) that is bounded by higher grounds, often mountains and hills. A valley can just be the area at the foot of two mountains, but they can also run for many miles.