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Constructive landforms
What is a Landform
Landforms created by crustal deformationLanforms created from volcanic activityFormation of landforms from sediment depositionWeathering factor of landformsLandforms created by erosionKinds of landformsFormation of a canyon landformformation of cape and formation of peninsulaFormation of coastline landformsFormation of continental shelf landformsFormation of a delta landformFormation of desert landformsFormation of glaciersHow do islands formHow do isthmus landforms formFormation of mountain landformsHow fo plains formHow do Plateaux landform formHow do sand dunes formHow do valleys formDestructive landforms
SUGGESTED LESSONS
Genetic engineering
Green energy
crude oil
Effects of overfishing
Water shortage
climate change
DeforestationThe ozone layer
Waste management
Wasting foodNatural resources for children

How is a landform created


What is a Cape?

A cape is a raised piece of land (also known as a promontory) that extends deep into a water body, usually the sea. It is a usually a coastal feature. From above, it is a distinct change from the normal trend of the coastline. The are so many capes of many sizes lined up on the coasts of all the continents.


A cape and a peninsula can be confusing. Here is the difference:

A cape is connected to the mainland by a larger mass of land than a peninsula, which is connected by a thin land mass. In other words, a peninsula is almost an island.
A cape is bordered by water on two sides, but a peninsula is bordered by water on three sides.

What is a Peninsula

How do capes form?
Capes are formed in three ways: by erosion, ocean currents, and glacier. Depending on the nature of rock material of the cape, one can tell its formation.

Rocky capes are carved out of erosion by ocean currents, where the softer rock material is washed away, leaving the rocky bit.

Sandy capes are a sign of two ocean currents clashing and depositing fine material (gravel and sediments) where they meet. With time, the sediments pile up and form a pointed landform projecting into the sea

Glaciers can also carve their way into a land area and deposit moraine (sand, sediment, and gravel) after they melt away.

Great examples of capes include:
Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, which is part of the Sandstone Table Mountain and believed to have been created by erosion.
Cape Cod and Cape Ann, Massachusettes in USA. Cape Cod is believed to have formed by glaciers.
Cape Morris Jesup, Greenland. This is known to be the northernmost point of mainland.

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Landform diagrams

How is a landform created