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Constructive landforms
What is a Landform
Landforms created by crustal deformationLanforms created from volcanic activityFormation of landforms from sediment depositionWeathering factor of landformsLandforms created by erosionKinds of landformsFormation of a canyon landformformation of cape and formation of peninsulaFormation of coastline landformsFormation of continental shelf landformsFormation of a delta landformFormation of desert landformsFormation of glaciersHow do islands formHow do isthmus landforms formFormation of mountain landformsHow fo plains formHow do Plateaux landform formHow do sand dunes formHow do valleys formDestructive landforms
SUGGESTED LESSONS
Genetic engineering
Green energy
crude oil
Effects of overfishing
Water shortage
climate change
DeforestationThe ozone layer
Waste management
Wasting foodNatural resources for children

How is a landform created


What is an island landform?


An island is a piece of land surrounded by water. They can be small or very large in size. Some islands are formed on the continental shelf (very close to the coastline) and they are continental islands. Others are formed far from the continental shelf (in the ocean), and they are known as oceanic islands.

An island on a river is called ait or eyot. It is very common to see many small islands in one location, such as the 115 Islands of The Seychelles, off the coast of East Africa. Such a collection is known as an
archipelago. Other names of islands are cays, islets or keys.
The largest island is Greenland.


The illustration below show a basic island on the continental shelf

what is an island landform

Islands are formed in many ways.

Oceanic island or Volcanic islands:
Volcanic eruptions in the sea can create new lands by piling up lava and solidifying in the sea. Tectonic plates can also cause the seabed to folded and push new land up to the water surface.

Continental islands:

Continental islands are formed when parts of the mainland are broken off or eroded away by wave action, leaving a piece of land on its own.

Tidal islands:
Changes in the sea level can also expose islands. These are called tidal islands, such as the Mont Saint-Michel in France. Here is an illustration of a tidal island.
Tidal island Barrier islands:
Currents and waves can also pile up sediments and sand in one location and with time, build up into an island. These are usually low-lying islands, running parallel to the mainland, and with mostly sand as the landmass. This type of island is called a barrier island. The Ocean City island in Maryland USA is a great example.

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Landform diagrams

How is a landform created