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natural resources recovery
what does a natural resource meanVarious types of natural resourcesUses of natural resourcesDistribution of natural resourcesWhat threatens our natural resourcesWhat does resource recovery involveHow to conserve natural resourcesexplaining natural resources to children
SUGGESTED LESSONS
Genetic engineering
Green energy
crude oil
Effects of overfishing
Water shortage
climate change
DeforestationThe ozone layer
Waste managementWhat is an ecosystem
Wasting food

what is a raw material



Distribution of Natural Resources

Natural resources are not evenly distributed all over the world. Some places are more endowed that others — for instance, some regions have lots of water (and access to ocean and seas). Others have lots of minerals and forestlands. Others have metallic rocks, wildlife, fossil fuels and so on.

For example,
The US has the world's largest coal reserves with 491 billion short tons accounting for 27% of the world's total. Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports source1

China remains the largest producer of gold with a 14% share of the global production.source1

The United States, Russia, and Canada are the leading producers of timber and pulp. Annual exports of primary and secondary wood products from tropical forests have exceeded US$ 20 billion in recent years and further increases are anticipated.source1

Many countries have developed their economies by using their natural resources. Some also get a lot of income from their resources in the form of tourism and recreation. Brazil and Peru for example, make a lot of money from The Amazon Forests, which is super diverse in trees and animals.

Crude oil is another important natural resource. From Crude oil, we get many petroleum products such as petrol, diesel and gas. We use these to fuel our cars and provide energy to warm and cool our homes. But Crude oil is not evenly distributed all over the world. Below is an illustration of how much each region of the world produces.

Crude oil Natural Resource distribution

International and local trade has its roots in the fact that resources are not evenly distributed on the earth’s surface. Regions with crude oil can drill oil and sell to regions without oil, and also buy resources such as timber and precious metals (gold, diamonds and silver) from other regions that have them in abundance.

The uneven distribution is also the root of power and greed in many regions. Some countries use their wealth in resources to control and manipulate regions with fewer resources. Some countries and regions have even gone to war over the management, ownership, allocation, use and protection of natural resources and related ecosystems.


Go backThreat to Natural Resources

resources from nature

Sources:
1 The World FactBook, CIA, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2111.html

2 British Geological Survey: World Mineral Statistics., http://www.bgs.ac.uk/research/highlights/2012/goldSilverBronze.html
3. FAO. (2009) Global demand for wood





SEE OTHER LESSONS AVAILABLE ON ESCHOOLTODAY
WASTE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN  | CLIMATE CHANGE & GLOBAL WARMING EXPLAINED | OCEAN ACIDIFICATION
LAND POLLUTION | AIR POLLUTION | WATER POLLUTION | OZONE DEPLETION | OVERFISHING | WATER SCARCITY
FOOD WASTE | ECOSYSTEMS OF THE EARTH RENEWABLE ENERGY | NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY | KINDS OF ENERGY

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