Marine Protection of the Ross Sea, Antartica.
In October 2016, experts from the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine
Living Resources (CCAMLR) in Hobert, Australia, announced that a Marine Protection Area (MPA)
agreement has been reached to protect an area of the Ross Sea in Antartica from human
activity such as fishing.
The Ross Sea hosts an amazing diversity of marine animals, including at least 10 mammal
species, half a dozen species of birds, 95 species of fish, and in excess of 1,000
invertebrate species. http://www.lastocean.org/Ross-Sea/Antarctic-wildlife-animals-Adelie-penguin-Emperor-penguin-__I.2431
The Ross Sea, its shelf and slope only comprise 2% of the Southern Ocean but they are home
to 38% of the world's Adelie penguins, 30% of the world's Antarctic petrels and around 6%
of the world's population of Antarctic minke whales.
From Report by By Matt McGrath, Env. correspondent, 28 October 2016, BBC
Beginning in December 2017, 72% of the 1.55 million km2 area of the Ross Sea will be a
no-take zone. This means no human is allowed to take out anything from the sea.
The other 28% will only be permitted for harvesting of fish and krill for scientific research.
The objective of the MPA is to conserve, protect, monitor and manage the marine
resources in that region. It is known to be the largest marine protection area, to last for 35 years.
"This decision represents an almost unprecedented level of international cooperation regarding
a large marine ecosystem comprising important benthic and pelagic habitats,"
said Mr Wright, CCAMLR Executive Secretary,
Some member countries of the commission include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, France,
Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, Sweden, UK, USA and Uruguay.
Reported from CCAMLR Media Release: https://www.ccamlr.org/node/92518