Obesity and children ESchooltoday Home, All Lessons
 

what is obesity
What can cause obesity
Problems caused by obesity
Understanding FatWhat is a low fat food
How to avoid obesity
What to eat
Helping your friend
Truths and myths about obesity
Help yourself


Tip ButtonTip...
1 gram of fat provides 9 calories, whereas 1 gram of both carbohydrates and protein provide 4 grams each.

Tip ButtonIn 2008, more than 10% of the world’s adult population was obese.

Tip ButtonWorldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.


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Understanding ‘Fat’
Not all 'fat' is bad. It all depends of the sources and the quantities you consume.

bulletFats or lipids (in food terms), are nutrients in food that your body uses to build nerve tissue (like the brain) and hormones.

bulletYoung children, especially, need a certain amount of fat in their diets to help the brain and nervous system develop correctly. That is why toddlers need to drink whole milk, which has more fat, whereas older kids can drink low-fat or skim milk.

bulletFat also plays an key role in membrane structure. It cushions and protects our internal organs. Your body also uses fat as fuel. It is a concentrated source of energy. If fats that you've eaten aren't burned as energy, they are stored in your body for future use.

This means if you don’t use it by doing active things and exercising, they stay in your body, and this is where problems can start.

Types of fat
There are 3 main types of Fat.

bulletUnsaturated Fats.
This kind is found naturally in plant foods and fish. They are good for the body and the heart. Examples include Vegetable oils, Tuna, Salmon, Avocados, Olive, Peanu and Canola oils

bulletSaturated Fats.
They are found in meat and other animal products, such as butter, shortening, lard, cheese, and milk (except skim or nonfat), palm and coconut oils. Saturated fat is generally solid at room temperature. Saturated fats for children

It's also the white fat you can see on red meat and underneath poultry skin. Eating too much saturated fat can raise blood cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease.

bulletTrans Fats.
This is found in margarine (especially the sticks), commercial snack foods and baked foods, and some commercially fried foods. They are also know as hydrogenated unsaturated fats. Eating too much trans fats can raise blood cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease.

Tips on how to reduce the amount of fat in your diet.

bulletWant a snack? Try fresh fruit, dried fruit and cereal-based products instead of cakes and biscuits.

bulletTrim any visible fat off meat and poultry during cooking

bulletDon't fry it! Poach, steam, grill or bake it.

bulletSwap whole milk for semi-skimmed or skimmed

bulletIf you use lard, butter or hard margarine, switch to vegetable oil and low-fat spreads

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