How can ocean acidification be reduced?
“The severity of future changes in ocean conditions will depend largely on the choices we make regarding energy use in the upcoming years and decades"
There is always something one can do to minimize the impact of a problem, as long as the issue is well understood and the causes are clear. Ocean acidification, like global warming, is one that has clear causes: excessive anthropogenic . We already know where the comes from, so how about enforcing the solutions below?
Cut Carbon Dioxide emissions:
Humans are deeply involved with using energy from fossil fuels. Transport, industry and homes all use fossil fuels. Now is time to switch to clean energy (or renewable energy). In recent time, the consumption of renewables are growing and huge resources are being invested into it — but we need to do more, as it is the only way to reduce the in the atmosphere.
Move subsides on Fossil Fuels to Renewables:
Governments must encourage the growth of the green sector and make fossil fuels less attractive. Green energy is not cheap, but ultimately, it will pay off and become worthwhile.
Because species and ecosystems are already vulnerable and endangered in many waters, protected areas, laws and policies that aim to protect those species must be set up and enforced. There must be hefty fines and consequences to those who break the law by going after endangered species. This way, the health of marine biodiversity will be improved, and biological factors that aid absorption will be less affected. Sustainable fishing must be enforced to reduce by-catch, overfishing and destructive fishing practices.
Education and information:
When people are aware of things happening in their environment, they are more likely to respond positively to rules, regulation and policies that aim to correct things we do wrongly. Individuals must find and share information from reliable sources. Leaders must invest in education and providing information on these environmental issues, and get everyone to be part of the solution.