Basic Air Pollution Facts
Below are some random facts and info on environmental pollution.
Air pollutants (dangerous things that make the air unclean)come in the form of gases or particles.
In March 2011, a very powerful earthquake in the sea (tsunami) hit the Japan coast. The sea level rose and water came into the land, damaging 4 of the 6 reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
World Health Organisation (WHO) experts confirm that there is slight increased risk of some cancer types for some people who were exposed to the radiation. These included people living in that area and some workers at the plant. Below is a peice of the information given on BBC website:
"The biggest lifetime risks were seen in those exposed as infants, compared with children or adults.
For girls exposed to radiation from the accident as infants, the report found a 4% increase above the lifetime expected risk of solid tumours and a 6% increase above that expected for breast cancer.
Boys exposed as infants are expected to have a 7% increased risk of leukaemia above that expected in the normal population.
The biggest risk was seen in thyroid cancer, which for infant girls could be up to 70% higher than expected over their lifetime."
BBC Website: /news/health-21614722
It is estimated that you breathe 20,000 liters of air each day. This means the more polluted the air is, the more we breathe into our lungs dangerous chemicals.
Air can be polluted both indoors and outdoors. Tobacco and other kinds of smoking are examples of indoor air pollution.
Sick Building Syndrome is a health condition related to pesticides, insecticides and chemicals we use at home and offices.
In the great "Smog Disaster" in London in 1952, four thousand people died in a few days due to the high concentrations of pollution.
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Air pollution affects kids more than adults because, for their body size, kids breathe more air and spend more time playing outside.
More hazardous pollutants are discharged into the air each year than are released to surface water, ground water, and land, combined.
Motor vehicles produce more air pollution than any other single human activity. One full commuter bus can mean 40 less cars going through your neighborhood.
In America, vehicle exhaust contributes roughly 60% of all carbon monoxide emissions nationwide, and up to 95% in cities.
Indoor air pollution and health
Around 3 billion people cook and heat their homes using open fires and leaky stoves burning biomass (wood, animal dung and crop waste) and coal.
Nearly 2 million people die prematurely from illness attributable to indoor air pollution from household solid fuel use.
Nearly 50% of pneumonia deaths among children under five are due to particulate matter inhaled from indoor air pollution.
More than 1 million people a year die from chronic obstructive respiratory disease (COPD) that develop due to exposure to such indoor air pollution.
Both women and men exposed to heavy indoor smoke are 2-3 times more likely to develop COPD