poverty for children
 

What is chronic poverty for children
Poverty in the world
kinds of poverty
Global distribution of poverty
Profile of the worlds poorestWhat causes poverty
The impact of poverty
The cycle of poverty
Poverty reduction approach




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Methods used at reducing poverty

Poverty cannot be completely eradicated, as it largely caused by human factors. Over the past years there has been a lot of Poverty Alleviation Programs designed to break the cycle of poverty in many households and communities in the world. The result is remarkable, but there is still a lot to be done.

Poverty alleviation involves the strategic use of tools such as education, economic development, health and income redistribution to improve the livelihoods of the worlds poorest by governments and internationally approved organizations. They also aim at removing social and legal barriers to income growth among the poor. Why are these tools important?

world malnutrition and childrenMore than 80 percent of the world’s population lives in countries where income differentials are widening.
2007 Human Development Report (HDR), United Nations Development Program, November 27, 2007, p.25.

world malnutrition and childrenThe poorest 40 percent of the world’s population accounts for 5 percent of global income. The richest 20 percent accounts for three-quarters of world income.
Ibid

1. Education
Quality education empowers people to take advantage of opportunities around them. It helps children get knowledge, information and life skills they need to realize their potential. Training teachers, building schools, providing education materials and breaking down that prevent children from accessing education are important features of poverty alleviation programmes.

2. Health, food and water
Many programs aim at feeding kids at school and providing health services as well. This encourages parents to send the children to school and keep them there. If children have food to eat, and are healthy, they can learn and respond to the needs of the programme.

3. Provision of skills and Training
The youth and able-to-work in the communities are provided skills to help with farm work or other economic activity, which helps them earn money to make a living and take care of their families.

4. Income redistribution
It is important that the government extends its development programs such as roads, bridges, and other economic facilities to rural areas, to make it easy for goods and services and farm produce to move to and from the farming communities.

With a bit of effort in the areas mentioned above, it won’t take long to see real improvements in the living conditions of the community.

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SOURCES
Our reading and research on this topic involved the resources listed below:

1. The Worlds Most Deprived. Characteristics and Causes of Extreme Poverty and Hunger.
October 2007. Akhter U. Ahmed, Ruth Vargas Hill, Lisa C. Smith, Doris M. Wiesmann, and Tim Frankenberger.
2. African overly At the Millennium, The World Bank. Causes, Complexities, and Challenges. 22067, March 2001
3. The World Bank, Economic Premise, Pedro Olinto, Kathleen Beegle, Carlos Sobrado, and Hiroki Uematsu. The State of the Poor: Where Are The Poor, Where Is Extreme.
4. Poverty Harder to End, and What Is the Current Profile of the World’s Poor? October 2013.
5. INE, Poverty and its measurement. www.ine.es/en/daco/daco42/sociales/pobreza_en.pdf.
6. Beyond economic growth: meeting the challenges of global development / Tatyana P. Soubbotina with Katherine A. Sheram. Chapter 6, Poverty.
7. Chronic and Transitory Poverty in Pakistan: Evidence from a Longitudinal Household Survey G. M. ARIF, FAIZ BILQUEES. April 2006
8. The Chronic Poverty Report 2004-2005. Chronic Poverty Research Center. www.chronicpoverty.org/publications/details/the-chronic-poverty-report-2004-2005/ss
9. Poverty Alleviation. http://www.wiser.org/
10. Plan Canada, 5 ways to end poverty.
11. PSE 2011 Second Townsend Conference. What is poverty? International perspectives.
12. Department for Work and Pensions, Department for Education.
A New Approach to Child Poverty: Tackling the Causes of Disadvantage and Transforming Families’ Lives. ISBN: 9780101806121.
13. Teaching with Poverty in Mind. By Eric Jensen. Chapter 1. Understanding the Nature of Poverty
14. Globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-stats#src4


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