Atoms, elements, mulecules, compounds and mixtures Select a lesson
 


Atoms, elements, molecules, compounds, substances and mixtures
What is an element
what are chemical coumpounds
What are chemical substances
Types of mixturesSeparation of mixtures
Chemical formulae
Important matter terminology



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Elements

An element is a substance made from only one type of atom. For example,
Oxygen (oxygen symbol) is an element made up of ONLY oxygen atoms. To understand this better, let us see the how atoms behave.

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Every element is made up of atoms. Atoms are the smallest piece that can exist in an element. You will need to put millions of atoms together to get an element of about half millimeter in size. An atom is made up of ‘Electrons, Protons and Neutrons’.

The diagram on your left is an illustration of an atom. The center part is the nucleus.




Atoms in some elements do not join up with other atoms of the same element. An example is Helium. Helium atoms exist alone and can look like this:
element, molecule and compound

Some atoms can also join up with other atoms of the same element. When two or more atoms join up, they form a
molecule. Oxygen, (oxygen symbol) is a molecule because it has two atoms joined together. An oxygen molecule looks like those in the diagram above.

Elements are pure in nature. They may vary in size as long as the atoms joining to make its molecules are the same. As soon as a different atom joins (bonds), it ceases to be an element — it is now a compound.

Sometimes, atoms can join up with other atoms of other elements in chemical bonds. When that happens, a compound is formed. This means that a molecule can be made up of two atoms of the same element, OR can be made up more atoms of different elements.

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ubstances and molecules