The female reproductive system
The human female reproductive system is made up of ovaries, egg tubes, uterus (say "yoo-ter-russ"), cervix and vagina ('V'). All these are a vital part of the reproduction process. Below is a diagram of how the parts are set up in the female body.
Egg tubes (Oviduct)
The egg tube, also called the fallopian tube or oviduct, is the vessel through which egg cell travels to the uterus. Each ovary is connected to the uterus by an egg tube. Remember what we said about a mature egg being released every month at the menstruation lesson? Yes, there are very tiny hairs in the fallopian tube called cilia, which aids in the smooth passage of the mature egg to the uterus.
Women (females) are born with hundreds of undeveloped female egg cells or ova (one is called ovum). These eggs are stored in the ovaries and released every month, after puberty. Unused eggs dissolve and pass out during menstruation.
<<This is a simple diagram of an ovum under a microscrope.
Uterus (latin word for womb)
This bag is like an inverted pear, held in place by ligaments and muscle. It has very soft lining, which holds the fertilized egg and nurtures it till it is a fully developed baby.
The cervix is a ring of muscle located at the lower third portion of the uterus. It forms a barrier between the uterus and the vagina. Until birth, the baby is held in place by the cervix. During birth, the cervix expands and the baby passes through it.
This is an elastic, muscular canal that connects the cervix to the outside of the woman’s body. It is the tube that receives the male organ during mating. During menstruation, it is the same tube through which the blood flows out.
Now let us see the male reproductive system.