How does carbon dioxide cause ocean acidification Select a lesson
 

Ocean acidification as an environmental issue children
information on ocean acidification for children
facttors that contribute to ocean acidification
the consequences of the oceans becoming acidic
Solutions to ocean acidificationocean acidification factsheet

Ocean acidification as an environmental issue children
SUGGESTED LESSONS
Genetic engineering
Green energy
crude oil
Effects of overfishing
Water shortage
climate change
DeforestationThe ozone layer
Waste managementWhat is an ecosystem

The oceans pH levels



Introduction to Ocean Acidification

Ocean acidification is one of the top environmental issues today. It is simply a term that means the oceans are becoming more acidic. This trend is pretty worrying to environmental scientists, as they have studied this to know that almost all ecosystems (particularly those of the upper oceans) will be affected in one way or the other.

acid oceansWhat is ocean acidification?
It is the changes in the chemical make-up of all the waters in the oceans, as well as its temperature, resulting from excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The changes involve the lowering of the pH of the water.

To understand this better, we need to first understand what pH is, together with atmospheric Carbon Dioxide.

ocean acidity
What is pH of water?
pH of water is the measure of how acidic or basic water is. The scale is from 0 to 14, and 7 is the neutral point (pure water). If the pH is closer to 0, that water is more acidic. If it is closer to 14, the more basic it is.

“During the last 20 years, it has been established that the pH of the world’s oceans is decreasing as a result of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere.” *1

Lower pH seas and oceans are known to cause major problems for marine organisms and ecosystems.

ocean acidity
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
The atmosphere is made up of air, and air is composed of gases including: Oxygen 21%, Nitrogen 78%, Argon 0.9% and Carbon Dioxide
(co2) 0.04%. These gases occur naturally in the atmosphere. However, the concentrations of atmospheric co2 in the atmosphere have increased a lot since the industrial revolution. Humans are burning a lot more fossil fuels than ever before. Fossil fuels are the main source of co2. It is known that the Amazon, together with other major forests covers are large absorbers of co2 from the atmosphere, but in fact, the Oceans, is the largest carbon sinks on the planet.

Now we shall see a bit more about how the acidification occurs. Click the next button.

Go to next page

cabon dioxide absorption by the ocean



Sources:
1. Third Symposium on the Ocean in a High-CO2 World, UNESCO, Ocean Acidification., http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002247/224724E.pdf
2. Ocean Acidification Will Make Climate Change Worse, By Bryan Walsh, TIME. http://science.time.com/2013/08/26/ocean-acidification-will-make-climate-change-worse/


SEE OTHER LESSONS AVAILABLE ON ESCHOOLTODAY
ENVIRONMENT: WASTE MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN  | CLIMATE CHANGE & GLOBAL WARMING EXPLAINED
LAND POLLUTION | AIR POLLUTION | WATER POLLUTION | OZONE DEPLETION | OVERFISHING | WATER SCARCITY
ECOSYSTEMS OF THE EARTH RENEWABLE ENERGY | NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY | KINDS OF ENERGY


Copyright © 2008-2014 eSchooltoday in association with BusinessGhana.com.
All Rights Reserved.